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The Opéra de Lille, designed by Lille architect Louis M. Cordonnier, was dedicated in 1923. [7], The first printer to set up shop in Lille was Antoine Tack in 1594. 3. Landry, Gérard (1982). Lille features an array of architectural styles with various amounts of Flemish influence, including the use of brown and red brick. The city was known for its cotton while the nearby towns of Roubaix and Tourcoing worked wool. Convertit les devises aux taux interbancaires, DAB, taux des cartes de crédit et des points de retraits en espèces. Each club had a long roster of officers, and a busy schedule of banquets festivals and competitions. From 830 to around 910, the Vikings invaded Flanders. From the early 1980s, the city began to turn itself more towards the service sector. [26] The tram system consists of two interurban tram lines, connecting central Lille to the nearby communities of Roubaix and Tourcoing, and has 45 stops. Elle regroupe 5 unités de recherche. Invités : Sophia Aram, auteure, comédienne, chroniqueuse et animatrice Benoît Cambillard, co-auteur et producteur. Ces sociétés de nettoyage situées à Lille vous proposent un service de qualité pour l'entretien de vos maisons, bureaux, commerces... Résultat impeccable. Ils sont là pour "soutenir" les armes de Lille (le lys). It comprises buses, trams and a driverless light metro system, all of which are operated under the Transpole name. [29] Its passenger traffic, around 1.2 million in 2010, is modest due to the proximity to Brussels, Charleroi, and Paris-CDG airports. By the end of October, the city was being run by German authorities. At the beginning of 2018, Lille 1, Lille 2 and Lille 3 merged to form the new University of Lille (student enrollment: 70,000). Adresse du bureau de change 69 Rue Faidherbe Lille, 59800 Get direction Téléphone: 03 20 55 32 52 Email: lille@travelex.com Voir sur la carte Une façon simple de commander vos devises. The churches likewise have their social organizations. Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, was even more powerful than the King of France, and made Lille an administrative and financial capital. In the 2010–11 season, Lille won the league and cup double. The Low Countries fell to his eldest son, Philip II of Spain, in 1555. Nous nous evertuons à rester impartial et vous offrons le meilleur service de comparaison pour les taux de change. Lille came under the rule of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in 1519. Découvrez le profil de Marie Devise sur LinkedIn, la plus grande communauté professionnelle au monde. 2. Décret de la convention nationale du 12 octobre 1792 - 18053 Lille, Roubaix, Tourcoing sous l'occupation (in French). A gauche et à droite les Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 et 1939-1945 en souvenir des faits de guerre de la ville pendant les deux guerres mondiales. [6] In 1578, the Hurlus, a group of Protestant rebels, stormed the castle of the Counts of Mouscron. Count Ferrand died in 1233, and his daughter Marie soon after. Lille was still under siege in 1792 during the Franco-Austrian War, in 1914 and 1940. Lille hosts an annual braderie on the first weekend in September. Notre site vous présente les activités et actualités du collectif monnaie libre de Lille. The city continued to grow and, by 1800, had some 53,000 residents, leading to Lille becoming the seat of the Nord départment in 1804. Printzheim : pas de devise en latin ou en grec, mais une lettre pi sur le blason de la ville ! Elles sont en totale conformité avec l'esprit héraldique qui veut que rien qu'en les voyant on devine le nom de la ville. Elles font la fierté de la ville et des Lillois.e.s et sont le reflet de nombreux événements qui ont fait l'histoire de la capitale des Flandres. She was said to be well loved by the residents of Lille, who by that time numbered 10,000. From 1931, Lille felt the repercussions of the Great Depression, and by 1935, a third of the city's population lived in poverty. In 2020, the European metropolis of Lille will be "world capital of design". By 1912, Lille's population stood at 217,000. De Lille nv-Hulstsestraat 2-8860 Lendelede-Belgïe-T.: 056 73 80 80- In 1790, the city held its first municipal elections. Leisure activities were thoroughly organised in 1858 for the 80,000 inhabitants. Les lions noirs : ils rappellent les armes du comté de Flandres auquel appartenait Lille et qui était l'une des principautés du royaume de France. Lille's population was 158,000 in 1872, growing to over 200,000 by 1891. On the Deûle River, near France's border with Belgium, it is the capital of the Hauts-de-France region, the prefecture of the Nord department, and the main city of the Métropole Européenne de Lille. In 2007 and again in 2010, Lille was awarded the label "Internet City". The city's most major association football club, Lille OSC, currently plays in Ligue 1, the highest level of football in France. At the end of 2015, Lille hosts around 28,000 industry or service establishments. In 1477, at the death of the last duke of Burgundy, Charles the Bold, Mary of Burgundy married Maximilian of Austria, who thus became Count of Flanders. Faculté des sciences juridiques politiques et sociales, université de Lille, capacité en Droit, Licences, Masters, Doctorat, Préparation aux concours, Droit, AES, Science Politique, enseignement à distance, formations tout le long de la vie, formation professionnelle, insertion professionnelle Employment in Lille[20] from 1968 to 2015, Employment per categories in 1968 and in 2017, Unemployment in active population from 1968 to 2017. Les médailles : de même que la devise, les médailles présentées sont des récompenses officielles et honorifiques reçues par Lille. Lille is also site of the University and Polytechnic Federation of Lille (Fédération Universitaire et Polytechnique de Lille), a large private educational university that includes a medical school, business school, law school, etc. It was severely tested by the two world wars of the 20th century during which it was occupied and suffered destruction. A gauche : de 1811 à 1830 et de 1852 à 1870. The construction of the new Euralille business district in 1988 (now the third largest in France) and the arrival of the TGV and then the Eurostar in 1994 put Lille at the heart of the major European capitals. Laissez-vous guider par un de nos livres : Abonnez-vous à notre newsletter et recevez les articles en avant-première. Elles font la fierté et la gloire de la ville. Lille can be described as having a temperate oceanic climate; summers normally do not reach high average temperatures, but winters can fall below freezing temperatures, but with averages quite a bit above the freezing mark. Implantée à LILLE (59800), elle est spécialisée dans le secteur des activités spécialisées, scientifiques et techniques diverses. Les étoiles remplacent les abeilles. [by whom? At the same time (1581), at the call of Elizabeth I of England, the north of the Seventeen Provinces, having gained a Protestant majority, successfully revolted and formed the Dutch Republic. The only audio recording known to have been made during World War I was recorded near Lille in October 1918. Nicknamed in France the "Capital of Flanders", Lille and its surroundings belong to the historical region of Romance Flanders, a former territory of the county of Flanders that is not part of the linguistic area of West Flanders. Prefecture and commune in Hauts-de-France, France, From top to bottom, left to right: the Lille Tower, some towers of Euralille, the Rue de la Clef in Old Lille, the Place du Général-de-Gaulle, the Shangri-La tulip sculpture for Lille 2004, the Porte de Paris with the belfry of the City Hall and Lille-Flandres train station. on meurt sous vos plafonds de pierre ! Lille and Roubaix were affected by the 2005 riots, like all of France's other urban centres. [7] In 1667, Louis XIV of France (the Sun King) successfully laid siege to Lille, resulting in it becoming French in 1668 under the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, provoking discontent among the citizens of the prosperous city. Dans le cadre su 2ème confinement, le bureau de change est fermé jusqu'à nouvel ordre horaires Lundi - Mardi - Mercredi - Jeudi - Vendredi - Samedi de 07:15 à 19:30 It was in her honour that the hospital of the Regional Medical University of Lille was named "Jeanne of Flanders Hospital" in the 20th century. La devise : la phrase "1792 - A bien mérité de la Patrie" est une véritable reconnaissance officielle décernée le 12 octobre 1792 par décret de la Convention nationale (ancêtre de l'assemblée nationale) suite à la résistance héroïque de Lille face à l’armée autrichienne en septembre 1792. In addition, many residential neighborhoods, especially in Greater Lille, consist of attached 2–3 story houses aligned in a row, with narrow gardens in the back. [19], For centuries, Lille, a city of merchants, has displayed a wide range of incomes: great wealth and poverty have lived side by side, especially until the end of the 1800s. Nos cours Spécialisées dans l'achat et la vente de devises étrangères et exotiques, nous recensons pas moins de 70 monnaies disponibles immédiatement à … Suite à la conduite héroïque de la ville durant le siège, la Convention nationale prend un décret le 12 octobre 1792, portant que "la Ville de Lille a bien mérité de la Patrie". Ses habitants sont appelés les Devisois et les Devisoises. La différence, c'est sa marge, c'est comme cela qu'il gagne sa vie. Archeological digs seem to show the area as inhabited by as early as 2000 BC,[citation needed] most notably in the modern quartiers of Fives, Wazemmes and Vieux Lille. A partir de 1870 sous la 3e République, le blason demeure le même avec une modification importante . Bienvenue sur le site du Collectif Monnaie Libre Lille. R. ... Professeur de langues anciennes dans l'Académie de Lille. This, with the opening of the Channel Tunnel in 1994 and the arrival of the Eurostar train put Lille at the centre of a triangle connecting Paris, London and Brussels. [9] In 1853, Alexandre Desrousseaux composed his lullaby P'tit quinquin. The airport mostly connects other French and European cities (some with low-cost airlines). Employment in Lille has switched over half a century from a predominant industry to tertiary activities and services. METROPOLE LILLOISE, fonds de commerce de restauration, emplacement numéro 1 sur rue passante à 4 km du centre de Lille. We die under your stone ceilings!"). The French TGV network also puts it only 1 hour from Paris, 38 minutes from Brussels,[28] and connects to other major centres in France such as Marseille, Lyon, and Toulouse. The city profited from the Industrial Revolution, particularly via coal and the steam engine. In 1144 Saint-Sauveur parish was formed, which would give its name to the modern-day quartier Saint-Sauveur. Le trajet le plus rapide en voiture entre Devise située dans le département de la Somme et Lille dans le département du Nord se fait en 1 heures 13 minutes.La distance à parcourir est calculée à 104.8 kilomètres.Le trajet est effectué principalement via D 1029 et Autoroute du Nord. Cabarets or taverns for the working class numbered 1,300, or one for every three houses. In 2018, Lille held France's record pollution peaks. Au centre la Légion d'Honneur reçue en octobre 1900 pour les faits d'armes de 1792. Au vu de la situation sanitaire en France et des dispositions prises, les horaires des bureaux de Dunkerque, Lille et Douai ont changés. Version des armoiries de Lille faisant apparaître les quatre médailles reçues par la ville. Plus grande université privée à but non lucratif de France, elle fonde son action dans les champs de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche, et celui du soin, sur la proposition des valeurs humaines et chrétiennes qui l’animent depuis l’origine. L'origine des armes de Lille remonte à 1199, date du plus ancien sceau retrouvé au bas d'une charte par laquelle la commune de Lille jura la paix conclue entre Philippe-Auguste et le comte de Flandres. Lille Lesquin International Airport is 15 minutes from the city centre by car (11 km). There the Duke and his court undertook an oath to Christianity. The club has won eight major national trophies and regularly features in the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. Unsuccessful French attacks on the city were launched in 1641 and 1645. Aller en voiture de Devise à Lille . It is part of the Community of Universities and Institutions (COMUE) Lille Nord de France and the European Doctoral College Lille Nord de France. Nous venons de vous envoyer un e-mail. ][citation needed]. The Opéra de Lille, designed by Lille architect Louis M. Cordonnier, was dedicated in 1923. Five autoroutes pass by Lille, the densest confluence of highways in France after Paris: A sixth one – the proposed A24 – will link Amiens to Lille if built, but there is opposition to its route. Rennes: Ouest-France. A number of important public works undertaken between 1667 and 1670, such as the Citadel (erected by Vauban), or the creation of the quartiers of Saint-André and la Madeleine, enabled the French king to gradually gain the confidence of his new subjects in Lille, some of whom continued to feel Flemish, but they had always spoken the Romance Picard language. L'Université Catholique de Lille sera inaugurée officiellement le 15 janvier 1877, dès réception de la bulle pontificale lui conférant l'institution canonique. Throughout the 1960s and the 1970s, the region was faced with some problems after the decline of the coal, mining and textile industries. On 3 September, German troops began to leave Lille out of fear of the British, who were on their way from Brussels. By 1445, Lille counted some 25,000 residents. La couronne de remparts : Lille a longtemps été une ville fortifiée et c'est logiquement que des remparts sont utilisés pour rappeler la fonction qu'avaient les murs entourant la ville ainsi que le passé royal de la ville. Lille is an important crossroads in the European high-speed rail network. Because Lille was only 20 km from the battlefield, German troops passed through the city regularly on their way to and from the front. Precipitation is plentiful year round. Retrouvez sur cette plate-forme toutes les vidéos de la Ville de Lille et ses chaînes partenaires ! There was an important Battle of Lille in 1054. Mauroy was Prime Minister for part of the term of Francois Mitterrand. From the 12th century, the fame of the Lille cloth fair began to grow. Rationing came to an end in 1947, and by 1948, normality had returned to Lille. The war brought or exacerbated periods of famine and plague (the last in 1667–1679). He unmasked the imposter, whom Countess Jeanne quickly had hanged. In 1792, in the aftermath of the French Revolution, the Austrians, then in the United Provinces, laid siege to Lille. Change du Nord Lille à Lille Bureaux de change : adresse, photos, retrouvez les coordonnées et informations sur le professionnel Astuce : Méfiez vous des bureaux de change communiquant agressivement sur le fait qu'ils n'aient pas commissions! Centre d'information et de communication, partage et de vie associative, activités, de rencontres et d’échanges, reconnaissance et de … La Voix du Nord (newspaper offices), Hôtels particuliers rue Négrier, Vieux-Lille, The Métropole Européenne de Lille has a mixed mode public transport system, which is considered one of the most modern in the whole of France. The system has two lines, with a total length of 45 kilometres (28 miles) and 60 stations. Marie indique 6 postes sur son profil. The table below gives average temperatures and precipitation levels for the 1981-2010 reference period. The Lille Metro is a VAL system (véhicule automatique léger = light automated vehicle) that opened on 16 May 1983, becoming the first automatic light metro line in the world. De gauche à droite : Croix de Guerre 14/18, Légion d'Honneur, Ordre de la Tour et de l’Épée & Croix de Guerre 39/45, Blasons de Lille au cours du 19ème siècle. In 1983, the VAL, the world's first automated rapid transit underground network, opened. DEVISE addresses the ERDF Programme "Pays de la Loire" which aims to create a dynamic economy to place the region among the most developed in Europe. Vous prévoyez de venir passer quelques jours à Lille ? The Deûle connects to Northern Europe via the River Scarpe and the River Scheldt (towards Belgium and the Netherlands), and internationally via the Lys River (to Dunkerque and Calais). In terms of shipping, it ranks fourth, with almost 38,000 tonnes of freight which pass through each year. Grandes armes de Lille dessinées en 1958 par Robert Louis, célèbre artiste héraldiste né à Douai. Données issues de la société Solvabilité Entreprise et/ou de la base de données Sirene, droits réservés INSEE - mise à jour mensuelle Office de tourisme de Lille - Palais Rihour - Place Rihour - 59000 Lille Tel. Comme toutes les villes, Lille a ses propres armoiries. Lille is the third-largest French river port after Paris and Strasbourg. Annonce d'achat et de vente de restauration rapide, Sandwicherie / Snack avec terrasse près de Lille (59000), Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais After the destruction caused by Normans' and the Magyars' invasion, the eastern part of the region was ruled by various local princes. The original inhabitants of the region were the Gauls, such as the Menapians, the Morins, the Atrebates and the Nervians, who were followed by Germanic peoples: the Saxons, the Frisians and the Franks. It was then controlled by the County of Flanders, as were the regional cities (the Roman cities Boulogne, Arras, Cambrai as well as the Carolingian cities Valenciennes, Saint-Omer, Ghent and Bruges). Privas : quam vis ruit robur resurrexit . The general was made an honorary citizen of the city of Lille on 28 October. C'est simple : indiquez votre adresse e-mail ci-dessous. Throughout the 18th century, Lille remained profoundly Catholic. Le lys : il représente les armes de Lille. 6. For five years, from 1708 to 1713, the city was occupied by the Dutch during the War of the Spanish Succession. A merchant city since its origins and a manufacturing city since the 16th century, the industrial revolution made it a great industrial capital, mainly around the textile and mechanical industries. On 6 February 1236, she founded the Countess's Hospital (Hospice Comtesse). In 1846, a railway connecting Paris and Lille was built. The river Deûle is connected to regional waterways with over 680 km (423 mi) of navigable waters. Lille's Art Deco city hall (1932) In July 1921, at the Pasteur Institute in Lille, Albert Calmette and Camille Guérin discovered the first anti- tuberculosis vaccine, known as BCG ("Bacille de Calmette et Guérin"). The Countess died in 1244 in the Abbey of Marquette, leaving no heirs. Siège de l'entreprise 60 r Gen Anne de la Bourdonnaye, 59000 Lille Création d'entreprise 1 juillet 1995 Effectif de l'entreprise 3 à 5 salariés Autres dénominations MQBB-Devise. The counts of Flanders, Boulogne, and Hainaut came together with England and East Frankia and tried to regain territory taken by Philip II of France following Henry II of England's death, a war that ended with the French victory at Bouvines in 1214. In the 8th century, the language of Old Low Franconian was spoken, as attested by toponymic research. [18], A former major mechanical, food industry and textile manufacturing centre as well as a retail and finance center, Lille is the largest city of a conurbation, built like a network of cities: Lille, Roubaix, Tourcoing and Villeneuve d'Ascq. Conférence animée par Mélanie Palay et Clara Mothes, étudiantes à Sciences Po Lille. Lille was part of the zone under control of the German commander in Brussels, and was never controlled by the Vichy government in France. L'Hotel Carlton de Lille a été créé grâce à la reine d... La rue Faidherbe à Lille : histoire, infos & photos. L'ISA Lille est une école qui forme des ingénieurs en agriculture, agroalimentaire, environnement et paysage. This contrast was noted by Victor Hugo in 1851 in his poem Les Châtiments: « Caves de Lille ! Lille is noted for its air pollution, with a 2018 study attributing 1,700 deaths per year in the agglomeration of Lille to pollution. In the early the 19th century, Napoleon I's continental blockade against the United Kingdom led to Lille's textile industry developing even more fully. Lille a longtemps été une ville fortifiée, résistance héroïque de Lille face à l’armée autrichienne en septembre 1792. On connaît le vieux cri de guerre liégeois «Notre Dame et saint Lambert» mais il ne s'agit pas d'une devise. The rule of Flanders and Hainaut thus fell to her sister, Margaret II, Countess of Flanders, then to Margaret's son, Guy of Dampierre. Lille was instead controlled under the military administration in Northern France. The Euralille Centre was opened in 1994, and the remodeled district is now full of parks and modern buildings containing offices, shops and apartments. In 1896 Lille became the first city in France to be led by a socialist, Gustave Delory. Mais surtout de 1811 à 1830 et de 1852 à 1870. Reste alors le blason qui, à lui seul, est une devise puisqu'il représente le perron, symbole des libertés liégeoises. Infante Ferdinand, Count of Flanders was imprisoned and the county fell into dispute: it would be his wife, Jeanne, Countess of Flanders and Constantinople, who ruled the city. On dit que ce sont des armes parlantes. Le blanc symbolise la sagesse et la richesse. The city was liberated by a British force consisting largely of tanks.[13]. A droite : de 1870 à 1901. Les couleurs : le blanc ("argent" en langage héraldique) et le rouge ("gueules" en langage héraldique) sont enregistrés officiellement sur un acte de 1698. Pierre Mauroy served as Mayor of Lille for 28 years from 1973 to 2001. It lies on the Eurostar line to London (1:20 hour journey). Il évoque donc à la fois le nom de la ville "Lille" et le fait que cette dernière était une île (qui s'écrit "isle" à l'époque). As a result, occupied Lille became a place for the hospitalisation and the treatment of wounded soldiers as well as a place for soldiers' relaxation and entertainment. Toute l'histoire de la ville en une seule image. These architectural attributes, many uncommon in France, help make Lille a transition in France to neighboring Belgium, as well as nearby Netherlands and England, where the presence of brick, as well as row houses or the terraced house is much more prominent. 2012". Lille was chosen as European Capital of Culture in 2004,[14] along with the Italian city of Genoa. Association d'activité culturelle et sportive, de loisirs et de garde d'enfants. The development of its international airport, annual events such as the Braderie de Lille in early september (attracting three million visitors), the development of a student and university center (with more than 110,000 students, the 3rd largest in France behind Paris and Lyon), its ranking as City of Art and History since in 2004 and the events of Lille 2004 (European Capital of Culture) and Lille 3000 are the main symbols of this revival. Many buildings, homes and businesses were requisitioned to those ends.[10]. » ("Cellars of Lille! The belfry is one of the 23 belfries in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Somme regions that were classified as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in July 2005. Many of the roads in the inner city (including much of the old town) are closed and local shops, residents and traders set up stalls in the street. La devise : la phrase "1792 - A bien mérité de la Patrie" est une véritable reconnaissance officielle décernée le 12 octobre 1792 par décret de la Convention nationale (ancêtre de l'assemblée nationale) suite à la résistance héroïque de Lille face à l’armée autrichienne en septembre 1792. Calvinism first appeared in the area in 1542, and by 1555, the authorities were taking steps to suppress that form of Protestantism. The "Column of the Goddess", erected in 1842 in the "Grand-Place" (officially named Place du Général-de-Gaulle [fr]), is a tribute to the city's resistance, led by Mayor François André-Bonte. Change de devises en quelques clics De nombreuses devises disponibles Changez vos devises avec Travelex. 6. When Belgium was invaded, the citizens of Lille, still haunted by the events of World War I, began to flee the city in large numbers. Il s'agit de l'Ordre de la Tour et de l’Épée, la plus haute distinction honorifique au Portugal. As of 2017, Lille had a population of 232,787 within its administrative limits,[2][4][5] and Lille is the first city of the Métropole Européenne de Lille with a population of 1,146,320, making it the fourth-largest urban area in France after Paris, Lyon, and Marseille. Lille (/liːl/ LEEL, French: [lil] (listen); Dutch: Rijsel [ˈrɛisəl]; Picard: Lile; West Flemish: Rysel) is a city at the northern part of France, in French Flanders. It is one of the largest gatherings of France and the largest flea market in Europe. Précédent Le vin et l’huile dans la Méditerranée antique : … During the Battle of France, Lille was besieged by German forces for several days. Convertisseur de devises gratuit ou fiche mémo de voyage basée sur les taux de change journaliers d'OANDA Rates®. Lille Grand Place. Vous y retrouverez les dates des “Apéro Monnaie Libre” ainsi que des informations sur la monnaie libre Ğ1 et le réseau Duniter. Lille's occupation by the Germans began on 13 October 1914 after a ten-day siege and heavy shelling, which destroyed 882 apartment and office blocks and 1,500 houses, mostly around the railway station and in the centre. The two-minute recording captured the Royal Garrison Artillery conducting a gas shell bombardment.[11][12]. Lille est alors parmi les villes précurseuses en terme d'héraldisme. Collectif Monnaie Libre de Lille. Créée en 1875, l’Université Catholique de Lille est un établissement pluridisciplinaire unique. Il représente déjà une fleur-de-lys épanouie. Grande amatrice de bandes dessinées. 68 urban bus routes cover the metropolis, 8 of which reach into Belgium.[27]. Lille was liberated by the Allies on 17 October 1918, when General Sir William Birdwood and his troops were welcomed by joyous crowds. In 1967, the Chambers of Commerce of Lille, Roubaix and Tourcoing were joined, and in 1969< the Communauté urbaine de Lille (Lille urban community) was created, linking 87 communes with Lille. In 1226 the king agreed to free Infante Ferdinand, Count of Flanders. Service du Patrimoine et des Archives de l'Institut Catholique de Lille Camille Feron-Vrau, médecin et entrepreneur, et Philibert Vrau, A noter dans votre agenda, le vendredi 26 avril de 14h30 à 16h, à Sciences Po Lille (amphi Louise Michel 1.16) : Conférence : "Comment être humoriste aujourd’hui ?" In 1994 the "Grand Palais" was also opened for the general public, which is free for the public to enter on the first Sunday of every month. En héraldique, la couronne est un symbole de puissance et de protection. Avec la participation des chorales des collèges de l'Europe (Ardres), République (Calais), Boris Vian (Marck) et Jean Rostand (Marquise) et de l'option musique du lycée Pierre de Coubertin (Calais). France's national public television network has a channel that focuses on the local area: France 3 Nord-Pas-de-Calais. Théo Devise | Région de Lille, France | Étudiant(e) (AFPA) | 74 relations | Voir la page d’accueil, le profil, l’activité et les articles de Théo En héraldique, le rouge symbolise l'amour et le désir de servir. [dubious – discuss][citation needed] Lille's Dutch name is Rijsel, which comes from ter ijsel (at the island) from Middle Dutch ijssel (“small island, islet”), calque of Old French l'Isle (“the Island”), itself from Latin Īnsula, from īnsula (“island”). La commune s'étend sur 2,8 km² et compte 53 habitants depuis le dernier recensement de la population datant de … In 1858, Lille annexed the adjacent towns of Fives, Wazemmes, and Moulins. More broadly, it belongs to a vast conurbation formed with the Belgian cities of Mouscron, Kortrijk, Tournai and Menin, which gave birth in January 2008 to the Eurometropole Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai, the first European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC), which has more than 2.1 million inhabitants. Work on Euralille, an urban remodelling project, began in 1991. In 1225, the street performer and juggler Bertrand Cordel, doubtlessly encouraged by local lords, tried to pass himself off as Baldwin I of Constantinople (the father of Jeanne of Flanders), who had disappeared at the battle of Adrianople. Their decline, from the 1960s onwards, led to a long period of crisis and it was not until the 1990s that the conversion to the tertiary sector and the rehabilitation of the disaster-stricken districts gave the city a different face. Lille's Stade Pierre-Mauroy was the playground for the final stages of the FIBA EuroBasket 2015. Lille thus became one of the three capitals of said Duchy, along with Brussels and Dijon. In July 1921, at the Pasteur Institute in Lille, Albert Calmette and Camille Guérin discovered the first anti-tuberculosis vaccine, known as BCG ("Bacille de Calmette et Guérin"). On 17 February 1454, one year after the taking of Constantinople by the Turks, Philip the Good organised a Pantagruelian banquet at his Lille palace, the still-celebrated "Feast of the Pheasant". 1. The départments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais (with the exception of the coast, notably Dunkirk) were for the most part liberated from 1 to 5 September 1944, by British, Canadian and Polish troops.

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